How Mosquitoes Kill

A simple survival guide to man's biggest enemy

"Mosquito" is Spanish for "little fly," but you probably knew that already.

Mosquitoes, as we know them, have been around for about 79 million years, and have been killing humans since our species first appeared.  Alexander the Great died from Malaria in 323 BC, so you are not the first human to be annoyed, infected with a disease, or killed by a mosquito. The mosquito is probably Earth's most dangerous animal in that more people die every year from the bites of mosquitoes than any other animal.

There are about 3,500 different species of mosquitoes from the tropics of the equator to Alaska, Siberia and Patagonia--in other words everywhere but Antarctica. Not all mosquito species bite, but only females bite. Some bite only during the day, others bite only at night.

While mosquitoes have a nervous system, they really do not anything like a brain. They cannot reason, make conscious choices, remember or learn. All of their behavior (like flying, feeding, reproducing, and self-protection) is controlled entirely by their DNA. In other words, they are something like organic robots. They have around 150 highly-sensitive "receptors" that attach to the ganglia that make up their nervous systems, so they have millions of years expertise with things like avoiding being swatted, finding a blood meal, and finding the best place to lay their eggs. They can "smell" the carbon dioxide, octenol and lactic acid of a human breath from 30 feet away.  Once closer, they sense the movement and body heat of a target. They can detect sweat, smelly feet, what you might have recently eaten, and whether or not you are asleep.

Nopixgo is successful at confusing or driving mosquitoes away or making them lose interest in biting by messing with receptors with bio-pulse technology; in other words, electronic pulses that interfere with the insects' receptors. No poisons are involved. Nothing smelly. Nothing toxic.

Precise success rates are very difficult to quantify because exposure to the insects varies from person to person. However, you can see a brief video of lab testing at the University of Saragossa in Spain [HERE]. (Or read the science related to the study.) Most tests estimate that Nopixgo's success rate to be around 80%, while DEET is around 30%. (Citronella is 0%.)

Female mosquitoes need a blood meal before they lay their eggs in stagnant water or in moist soil that will later be flooded. Mosquitoes do not care what kind of blood they get, or whether it carries a disease. The mosquito will be dead within a week or two anyway. Most species can take multiple blood meals and lay multiple batches of eggs. That's what makes them so deadly.

Male and female mosquito anatomy is different. Females have a "proboscis," a tube with a sharpened end attached to their head. The proboscis is actually made up  of six different tubes. Two of these tubes have something like teeth that cut through skin, one injects saliva, including an anti-coagulant and a chemical that temporarily numbs the skin where they are feeding so they do not get noticed in the act. Other tubes extract blood. It's your body's reaction to the saliva after the bite that causes the site of the bite to swell and itch. The saliva can include parasites (like the Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria), viruses and bacteria. If a female has been infected by an animal or another human, the pathogen that causes disease will undoubtedly be passed to the next host.

A mosquito can extract up to three times its weight in blood. Once in the mosquito's abdomen, the blood proteins are separated from water, which is then excreted, allowing the mosquito room for a meal from a second or even third host. If you are the lucky second or third host you may actually be infected by the blood of one of your own pets, a wild animal, or someone near you who has already been infected with a disease, whether they have symptoms or not. Mosquitoes do not transmit HIV or Covid19.

There has been a gradual increase in mosquito-borne diseases along with global warming. Some diseases that were once isolated to tropical Asia and Africa are now global due to higher temperatures and jet-age transportation, There are no vaccinations for most of these diseases. Vaccinations for both Malaria and Dengue Fever became available in 2019, but with only limited effectiveness so far. There has been Yellow Fever vaccine on the market for some time. Nonetheless, new mosquito-borne diseases are being discovered regularly, so prevention is your best strategy for survival.

Nopixgo provides personal, portable protection and should be considered part of a healthy strategy to avoid mosquito bites and the diseases they can carry. It is a simple, portable solution to avoid being bitten that does not involve toxic chemicals. If you live somewhere infested by mosquitoes, Nopixgo should be part of a strategy that may include eradication inside and around your home, and elimination of the places where females lay their eggs--small bodies of stagnate water of just about any size. Sensible clothing outdoors also helps reduce exposure.

Sadly, we live an a time when many animal species are becoming extinct, mostly due to human causes like climate change. Mosquitoes are not among them, and are actually thriving due to global warming. Science will eventually find ways to kill all the mosquitoes (unless we become extinct first). Until then, be conscious of the risks, and include Nopixgo in your survival strategy.